In the name of Allah, the Beneficient,the Merciful
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ALLOWED TO CUT THEIR HAIR?
Allah Ta'ala created the Human being,
individually perfect - with no stigma of sin and in the best
In Surah Teen Allah Ta'ala
'Indeed we have created human beings of the
best stature.'(At-tin : 4)
Every part of the human body has been
placed respectively to serve its purpose. Some parts, organs
and limbs play an important and vital role whilst others have
a minor supporting role. At the outset, looking at the
external human appearance its beauty is manifest immediately
and, it's at this juncture that we are most grateful to Allah
Consequently, we are not owners of
ourselves i.e. we have been entrusted by Allah Ta'ala with our
physical body and internal self. Therefore, as this is a Trust
(Amaanat), it does not belong to us; and as a result, we have
to obey and respect its obligations. If the Maker requires us
to fulfil a certain requirement, e.g. to cover a portion of
the body from the navel to the knee in the case of men then
that law is to be obeyed.
Similarly, a woman is required to keep
and wear her hair without cutting it short.
This latter issue will be highlighted
in the following discourse.
Allah Ta'ala has concentrated the
physical beauty of the human being in the upper part of the
body, i.e. the face. The face is probably the most important
feature in the whole external anatomy of the human being. In
fact, every effect and reaction becomes evident on the face
instantly. Hence, the face is the central part of the whole
body exposed entirely and at all times.
It is obvious that, what surrounds the
face displays an important value and forms a protective gear.
Moreover, it displays the beauty and identity of a person.
Therefore, the long hair of the woman professes her beauty,
the one most powerful image of a female.
During Hajj/Umrah, in order to come out
of the Ihraam, a man can either make Halq (shave) or Qasr
(trim) of the hair on the head. For a woman, she has to clip
the size of the small finger (approximately 2cm.)
From among the restriction imposed on
her during Hajj is (as the text appears in the Fiqh book,
'She will not shave but
'Because Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu layhi
Wasallam) forbade women from shaving but commanded them to
trim (the hair).'
The fact that women are only allowed to
trim - a short length (2cm) and not more - explains the issue
Once the wife of Rasulullah
(Sallallaaahu layhi Wasallam), Hadhrat Umme Salamah
(Radhiyallaahu Anha) asked him, 'O Prophet of Allah, I am a
woman who keeps her hair closely plaited; should I unto it
when I wash after sexual defilement?' 'No' he replied, 'It is
enough for you to throw three handfuls over it (your
In another Hadith, Rasulullah
(Sallallaaahu layhi Wasallam) replied to a question
saying, 'As regards man, he should undo the hair of his head
and wash it until the water reach the roots of the hair. But
there is no harm if the woman does not undo it (her hair) and
pours three handful of water over her head.
These traditions clearly indicate that
women are allowed, in exceptional cases, to throw water over
their heads - which is not the real matter of discussion here
- but that:
a) the wife of Rasulullah
(Sallallaaahu layhi Wasallam), Umme Salamah
(Radhiyallaahu nhaa) herself had long
NOTE : The Noble
Qur'an refers to them (wives) as the (Mothers of
b) no directive was given to
cut, trim, clip, or shave the hair in order to solve the
problem ; and ,
c) in many such questions a
similar answer was given.
In one of the most popular books of
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Hidaayah, the text
"It is not necessary for a woman to release
her plaits when taking a bath, if the water reaches the root
of her hair."
4) Sheikh Hafiz says in Fathul
"It is not permissible for men to imitate
women in clothing and beautification that are especially
associated with women only (and vice versa).
'Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallaahu nhu) reported that
Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu layhi Wasallam) cursed the
hermaphrodite from the men and the like from the
Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu layhi Wasallam)
said : Glory (to Allah) who beautified men by the beard and
(similarly) women by their lock of hair. (Takmela e Bahr Raiq
vol. 3 p. 331)
7) By nature, Allah Ta'ala has
distinguished men from women respectively in their beauty,
e.g. externally the masculine beauty of a man is in the beard
and the feminine beauty of a woman is in her long
is reported from Hadhrat Ali (Radhiyallaahu nhu) that
Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu layhi Wasallam) prohibited a woman
from shaving her hair.
Hence, for men to shave the beard is
like the women shaving their head.
8) In their external features Allah
Ta'ala created both sexes differently. For this and other
reasons men are strictly prohibited to imitate women and vice
Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu layhi Wasallam)
cursed men who imitate women and cursed women who imitate men.
Glory (to Allah) who beautified men by their
beard and beautified women by their plaits and locks of hair.
(Takmela e Bahr Raiq vol. 3 p. 331)
NOTE: The above is a
hymn read by groups of angels as indicted in the
In conclusion, we must remember that
our perpetual enemy, Shaitaan, will cause us to deviate from
the truth and constantly instruct us to follow his dubious
ways. Allah Ta'ala says, "And surely I (Shaitaan) will most
definitely deviate them, aspire them and order them;hence they
will change Allah's creation."(Qur'an 4:119)
J.U. (KZN) - FATWA
Source: Jamiatul Ulama (Kwazulu-Natal)