In the name of Allah, the Beneficient,the Merciful
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HADHRAT UMAR (RADHIALLAHU-ANHU)?
Allama Doust Muhammad Qurashi (RA)
- He for whom the Beloved Nabi (SalaAllaahu alayhi
wasallam) of Allaah prayed for to fortify Islaam.
- Whom Allaah Ta'aala selected and deputed to elevate
- Before he accepted Islaam, Hadhrat Jibreel(AS) brought
the good news to Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam) to
- Upon arrival Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam) welcomed
- He whose Imaan strengthened all the Sahaabahs Imaan.
- By his help the Muslims were able to pray to Allaah in
the Haram Shareef.
- Even the earth expressed its happiness when he accepted
- The river Nile flowed strongly celebrating the happiness
of his accepting Islaam.
- He was fortunate to enter the Ka'bah before all the
- Due to his entering the Ka'bah, the walls boasted with
pride to the throne of Allaah Ta'aala.
- Whose advantageous arrival in Islaam caused the well of
Zam Zam to flow its sweetness to the river of Salsabeel in
- After he entered the Ka'bah, Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi
wasallam) proclaimed "Allaahu Akbar " the idol fell on its
- He received the title of "Farooq-e-A'zam"from Nabi
(SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam).
- Referring to the ayat, "We have created you from sand."
The sand from which he was created was that of well
fermented garden sand.
- He challenged the kufaar and performed Salaat in front
of them in the Haram.
- His decision concerning the prisoners from the Battle of
Badr was to execute them.
- For the Battle of Tabook he gave half his wealth and was
warmly welcomed by Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam).
- Nabi's (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam) opinion regarding
Hadhrat Umar (RadhiAllaahu-anhu) was that, "If there was a
Nabi after me it would have being be Umar."
- When there was a conflict between the Ansaar and
Mahaajireen, he settled it with an eloquent speech in the
hall of Saqifah Bani Sa'eedah.
- Looking at his just political rules, Hadhrat Ali
(RadhiAllaahu-anhu) regarded him as the sanctuary for the
- Hadhrat Ali (RadhiAllaahu-anhu) regarded him as a very
delightful person, firm on command.
- When looking at Hadhrat Umar's(RA) armny, Hadhrat Haidar
Karaar (Ali) titled it "Jundullaah" (The army of Allaah).
- After seeing his (umar's) Deen Sher Jalee-(Ali)
understood it only as the Deen of Allaah.
- When he called out "Ya Saariya-tul Jabaal" in Madinah,
the voice was heard in Nabawand which alerted the Muslim
army against the kuffar attack.
- Through the blessing of his letter the river Nile
started flowing and the eastern tradition was destroyed.
- The Qur'aanic ayat which was revealed in accordance to
his suggestion as what to do with the Maqame Ibrahim.
- Due to his protection of modesty women were ordered to
start wearing veils to cover their faces.
- Because he called Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam)
Moula (guardian) Allaah Ta'aala revealed an ayat "That
Allaah alone is his Moula".
- Through his dua Allaah Ta'aala revealed the clear
prohibition of wine.
- His suggestion to perform Janaazah Salaat on a hypocrite
was assisted by the revelation of an ayat.
- When asked by Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam)
regarding the story of Hadhrat Ayesha (RA) he replied that
it was a false accusation, thereafter an ayat was revealed
which absolves her.
- The conquered areas of land under his control reached
255 105 square miles.
- When he said that the Qur'aan was enough for salvation
he just proved the purpose of prophethood i.e. to convey the
message of the Quraan.
- In other words, it meant that whosoever has been guided
by Allaah then nobody can distract him from that path.
- To which his close associates and Nabi (SallAllaahu
alayhi wasallam) kept quiet but the family of Nabi
(SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam) proved him correct
- Whose shame and modesty reached the 4 corners of the
- After the demise of Hadhrat Abu-Bakr
(RadhiAllaahu-anhu), without any objection, he was selected
as the next Khalif; even before this he was already selected
by the best of creation after the Ambiyaa-prophets -i.e.
Hadhrat Abu-Bakr RadhiAllaahu-anhu.
- During his Khilafat on one side he was engaged in
dispatching an army to Iran whilst on the other side he was
discussing issues with the messenger of Qaysan and Kisra.
While preparing the victorious army of Iran and Egypt, he
was engrossed in deliberating with Hadhrat Khalid and
Hadhrat Muawiyah regarding war tactics. All this whilst he
himself, had on patched clothes and wore an old turban and
on his feet were old sandals.
- Sometimes he would be on the mimbar explaining the
orders of Allaah and sometimes he would be carrying buckets
of water on his shoulders feeding the poor, the destitute
and the widows.
- During the day he would be fulfilling the duties of his
Khilafat and during the night he would patrol the alleys and
streets of Madinah, assisting the needy.
- He was so rich that the kingdoms were spread at his feet
but he opted for such simplicity that king's messengers
could not even identify him.
- His inner authority was so strong that his outer dignity
- Although he was very particular in his religions
affairs, he was just so soft in his personal affairs.
- He established a 'Baitul Maal' for the safe-keeping of
the state's wealth.
- Through the blessing of his intelligence, courts were
built and judges were appointed.
- Because of his lofty political insight, offices for the
armies were built and salaries fixed for the soldiers and
- He also suggested that a measuring department be set up
so that proper measurements were carried out.
- With the blessing of his experiences, he had full
control over the population register.
- He also appointed daily provisions for the poor
Christians and Jews.
- For the comfort of travellers he erected wooden seats
and resting places between Makkah and Madinah.
- To maintain the power of Islaam and to establish the awe
of his Khilafaat he erected army camps all around.
- For the safekeeping of the Qur'aan he established the
Taraweeh Salaah to be read with Jamaat with the consent of
all the Sahaabah; up to the day of Qiyamat this will remain
- By continuing the Taraweeh he gave the opportunity for
the protection of the Quraan.
- Through the blessing of his blessed shawl a house was
saved from being burnt out.
- With the stamping of his feet Madinah has been and shall
be saved till Qiyamat from any form of earthquake.
- Because of his fear of Allaah he used to carry the daily
provisions of the poor on his own shoulders.
- To save his employees from bribery he used to pay them
very high salaries.
- Although being the Khalif of his time he stood in the
Court of Law as a defendant against Hadhrat Zaid bin Thaabit
- He introduced the system of Qudaat so that guilty
travellers could be sentenced in their own countries.
- By laying stress on tajweed he ensured that the Arabs
were able to read properly.
- With the intention of spreading the Qur'aan, besides
Syria, Hims and Palestine, Madrasas were established at
- In order for the people to know the Laws of Allaah he
made it compulsory for them to learn Surah's Baqarah, Nisa,
Ma'idah, Haj and Noor.
- For a town or city to run smoothly he appointed an
administrative committee which consisted of staff, an
accountant, translator, doctor and surgeon.
- With the blessing of his good fortune, a leader with his
army of several hundreds all became Muslims.
- His Islaamic forces conquered many places i.e.
Qaadisiyyah, Jaloolah, Hahvan, Takriytyat, Khozistan, Iran,
Isfahaan, Tabristan, Azir Baaijan and others.
- Through whom Hadhrat Hassan (RA) married Hadhrat Shahu
Banu and became related.
- At his doorstep Hadhrat Ali (RA) brought Hadhrat
Hussain(RA) to get him married.
- He who considered the family of Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi
wasallam) for the marriage of Hadhrat Shahr Banu and broke
the interest of his own son for this girl.
- He gave preference to the son of Hadhrat Ali
(RadhiAllaahu-anhu) over his own son and practised the
rights of brotherhood to its maximum.
- His success and achievements from birth were the cause
of his Khilafaat.
- Hadhrat Ali (RA) and Hadhrat Hussain (RA) up-held their
allegiance to him.
- All his close friends witnessed the marriage of Hadhrat
- During his Khilafaat, Fiqh was elevated to its maximum.
- The outcome of his justice reached every corner of the
- The members of his 'mashwarah' committee were the
prominent and renown Sahaabahs.
- Due to his praiseworthy efforts during his Khilaafat
4000 Masjids were built.
- Because of his simplicity he was not afraid to sleep
under a tree.
- He who changed the cloth of the Ka'bah for a cloth of
- He extended the walls of the Ka'bah and enclosed the
circumference of the Haram so that it was separated from the
- During the drought season he joined the river Nile to
the river Qulzoom through the mountains which is a distance
of about 99 miles distance.
- He built apartments for travellers in big cities.
- He dug the river Aboo Moosa so that people could quench
- He built a well, benches and a caravan park on the route
between Makkah and Madinah.
- Because of his influence for justice over his governors
even the animals benefited.
- Commentators agree that it was he who was prophesied to
conquer Persia which is present day Iran.
- He was blessed as being the son-in-law of Hadhrat Ali
- Who gave the order to the Judges, to base their
judgement from the Qur'aan thereafter the Ahaadith, then
Ijma, and then lastly Qiyaas.
- Those kings messengers who saw his forceful eyes used to
- Going towards Baittul Muqaddas at the time of its
victory he took turns to walk and ride the camel, so as not
to harass the camel.
- He used to deliver the daily food to the orphans at
- He never took more than his portion from the war booty.
- He was so conscious of the oil that was from the Baitul
Maal that he used to extinguish the flame for his own work.
- A Christian (W W Hunter) was forced to comment that if
there was another Umar on the face of this earth, the name
of kufr would not have remained.
- He killed the munafiq (hypocrite) who asked him for a
second opinion over the verdict of Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi
- During his Khilafaat the wives and families of Nabi
(SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam) used to get their monthly
allowances on time from him.
- He once read a confession of his from the Days of
Ignorance and was regretful because there will be
accountability for it.
- He proved his belief in the oneness of Allaah by saying
to the Hajre Aswad (the white stone from Janaah); "that you
are not beneficial for the troublesome; we only kiss you
because we saw Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam) kiss you."
- Just by seeing his appearance, Monks recognised him.
- Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam) gave him glad tidings
of his palace of Jannah in this World.
- Nabi (SallAllaahu alayhi wasallam) gave him glad tidings
of Jannah in this world.
Source: Jamiatul Ulama (Kwazulu-Natal)