In the name of Allah, the Beneficient,the Merciful
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What you should know
Many Islamic scholars and
Jurists have written on the subject of organ transplant. Over
the decades, medicine has improved and advanced dramatically,
taking medical technology to extreme heights.
Today, through the vast
medical advancement, almost any transplant of the human body
can be performed. Owing to the technological medical changes,
prominent and renowned jurists of the world have carefully
analysed the process of organ transplant and upon
investigation made the following observations:
When any person's limb or
organ becomes unusable and that limb or organ is needed to
function in the future by a suitable replacement then the
following conditions must be considered.
Use of a non-living
Use the limb of
those animals permissible to eat and slaughtered
according to the Islamic rites of slaughter.
There is almost
certain fear of loss of life or danger of losing the
limb/organ and the replacement is only found in Haraam
animals or in permissible animals (which can be eaten)
but not slaughtered according to Islamic rites, then
use of such a component will be permissible. However,
if there is no imminent danger of loss of life then it
will not be permissible to use anything from the
Similarly, a transplant of
any nature whatsoever is permissible from one part to
another part of the body of the same person when
The sale of any part of
the human body is Haraam.
If any ill person reaches
a stage that a specific organ becomes unusable (to such an
extent) that if a human organ is not replaced into the body
then there is an immediate danger of loss of life -- the
human organ is the only suitable replacement and medical
experts are absolutely certain that besides the human organ,
there is no other life-saving substitute and the patients'
life is in danger, and the human organ is easily available
to the patient, then in that dire need a human organ
transplant (to save one's life) will be permissible for the
When a perfectly healthy
person on the advice of an expert physician confirms that
the removal of one kidney will not harm nor cause ill-health
whatsoever and considering the deteriorating health of his
sick immediate family member which may cause death and there
is no other alternate or substitute then this will be
permissible with the condition that the kidney be donated
and not sold.
The bequest (Wasiyyat) of
a person that after his death, his organs be donated is
forbidden in Shariah.