In the name of Allah, the Beneficient,the Merciful
Whether you're a newcomer to Islam, a Muslim or Muslim Revert who is rediscovering true Islam for the first time, someone who is simply interested in the faith which claims over two billion followers worldwide, or a researcher, educator, student or writer, this website presents authoritative Islamic Answers to Questions about Islam from both Muslims and non-Muslims.
|Dhul Qa'dah 1419;
Q: Kindly explain what is Takbeer-e-Tashreeq
and when should it be recited.A: Takbeer
Tashreeq is the recitation of Allahu Akbar Allaahu Akbar,
Laa ilaaha illa-llaahu Wallaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar
walillaahil hamd after every Fardh Salaat commencing from
Fajr of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah till after Asr of the 13th of
Dhul Hijjah. (Shaami vol. 1 pg. 620;
When Ibrahim (AS) began moving the
knife on his beloved son, Ismaaeel (AS), the angels
sent by Allah with a ram from Jannah exclaimed, 'Allaahu
Akbar, Allaahu Akbar' (Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the
Greatest). Ibraahim (AS) heard the voice of the angels
and replied, 'Laa ilaaha illa-llaahu Wallaahu Akbar' (There is
no god but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest). His son Ismaaeel
(AS) heard this conversation and understood that Allah
had relieved him from this great trial, thus he replied,
'Allaahu Akbar Walillaahil hamd' (Allah is the Greatest, and
to Allah belongs all praise) (Ibid).
Q: Is Takbeer-e-Tashreeq compulsory upon a
female or a Musafir who did not perform Salaat with
Q:Upon whom is Qurbani
(sacrificing an animal) compulsory?
A: Yes, Takbeer Tashreeq is
compulsory upon all of the above. (Ibid).
Sacrificing an animal is compulsory upon every adult and sane
Muslim who possesses minimum Zakaatable wealth (Nisaab) on the
10th of Dhul Hijjah.
It is not necessary to have the wealth for one year as in
the case of Zakaat. (Shaami vol. 6 pg. 312; HM
Q: Is Qurbani compulsory upon a minor who is
A: No, Qurbani is not compulsory
upon a minor who is wealthy. (Shaami vol. 6 pg.
316; HM Saeed)
Q: When does the time for sacrifice commence
and terminate?A: The time for sacrifice
commences after the Eid Salaat on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah and
terminates upon the setting of the sun on the 12th of Dhul
Hijjah. Sacrifice before the Eid Salaat is not valid in an
area where Juma and Eid Salaats can be performed e.g. city,
In an area where Juma and Eid Salaats cannot
be performed according to Shariáh, for example, a little
village, then the sacrifice can be performed immediately after
Subuh Sadiq (true dawn). (Sham vol.5 pg.221;
Q: Which parts of the animal are prohibited
A: Seven parts of the animal are
prohibited to consume: a) male genitals, b) female genitals,
c) testicles, d) the bladder, e) gall bladder, f) glands, g)
spinal marrow. (Ahsanul Fataawa vol. 7 pg.
Q: If a person did not perform his compulsory
Qurbani for the past 3 years, what should he
do?A: He should calculate the present value
of an average sheep or 1/7 share of a cow and give the money
in charity. (Ahsanul Fatawa vol. 7 pg.
Q: Is it permissible to sacrifice an animal
and pass the reward to a deceased
relative?A: There are two aspects: 1) to
make a voluntary sacrifice on behalf of any person e.g.
Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi
Wasallam), a relative, etc. This is permissible,
the person will get the reward of the sacrifice. However, one
must discharge his obligation of sacrifice separately. The
sacrifice on behalf of any other person will not suffice for
one's own obligatory sacrifice.
2) To make one's compulsory sacrifice and
thereafter make an intention of giving the reward to the
deceased. In such a case, the compulsory sacrifice of the
person will be discharged.
Q: Is it prohibited to cut one's hair in the
first ten days of Dhul Hijjah?
A: It is
Mustahabb (commendable) for a person making Qurbaani not to
cut the hair and finger nails from the 1st of Zul Hijjah until
after slaughtering the Qurbaani animal. To observe this
Mustahabb act is greatly rewarding. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said 'In
lieu of every limb and part of the animal, the person's limbs
and parts of his body will be freed from Jahannam (Abu
Dawood). Therefore, a person should try as much as possible to
leave his hair and nails uncut in these ten days so that they
may be freed in lieu of the nails and hair of the sacrificed
animals. However, if the hair under the arms and in the pubic
region is very long (which renders the Salaat Makrooh i.e.
more than forty days), then it will become compulsory to
remove such hair. However, if a person forgets to clip the
nails before the 1st of Dhul Hijjah and the nails have grown
so long that they may cause injury, then he may clip
Q: Can Haraam meat be given to cats and
dogs?A: No, Haraam meat cannot be given to
cats and dogs.
Q: Is it permissible to include a share of
Walima as well as Aqeeqa in one cow?A: Yes,
it is permissible. (Ahsanul Fataawa vol. 7 pg.
Q: Is it permissible to fast on the day of
Arafat?A: Yes, it is permissible.
Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam)
said, 'The fast on the day of Arafat is an atonement
for the sins of the past and following year'. (Sahih Muslim; Hadith 1977). However, for those
who are on a journey, such as Hajj, etc. and cannot fast due
to physical weakness should not fast. (Hidaaya
Q: Is it permissible to make Du'a after the
Eid Salaat before the Khutbah?A: Yes, it is
permissible (Fataawa Mahmoodiya vol. 16 pg.
Q: What is the ruling on the income obtained
from selling Haraam meat?A: Income from
selling Haraam meat is Haraam.
Q: Can a person performing Tamattu Hajj
perform his Umra first and thereafter go to Madina
A: It is ideal for a person
performing Tamattu Hajj to first go to Madinah Munawwarah and
thereafter come to Makkah Mukarramah and perform Umrah.
However, if the person for any reason decided to go to Makkah
first and perform Umrah, his Tamattu Hajj is valid. (Fataawa Rahimiyya vol. 6 pg. 394)
Q: I am a traveller and stayed at one place
in Durban for 20 days. Thereafter, I travelled to Empangeni
and returned to Durban at the same place for only two days.
Must I make Qasr in the remaining two days in
Durban?A: By undertaking a journey of 88
kms. (48 Sharée miles) or more from the place you were
stationed at in Durban, your stay in Durban was then
cancelled. Thus upon your return you are a Musaafir and have
to perform Qasr (2 Rakaats in Dhuhr, Asr and Esha).
Q: I live in Durban with my family and go to
Empangeni for business. During the weekends, I return to
Durban. I also have a house in Empangeni. Presently, I do not
intend residing there. Am I a Musaafir in Durban and Empangeni
and do the concessions of a Musaafir apply to me in both
places?A: If you intend staying in Durban
permanently then while in Durban you are not a Musaafir. You
will have to complete your Salaat. If you have intention of
returning from Empangeni before 15 days, you will be a
Musaafir there. You will have to make Qasr (perform two
Rakaats) in Dhuhr, Asr and Esha Salaats. Witr will also have
to be performed when you are a Musaafir.
Q: What is the ruling of a person who
humiliates an Aalim of Shariáh?A: If the
person humiliates an Aalim because of his views based upon his
knowledge of the Qurãn and Hadith, such a person loses his
Imaan. If he is a married person his Nikaah terminates. If he
fathers a child before renewing his Imaan and reperforming his
Nikah, the child will be illegitimate. (Fatawa
Mahmodiya vol.6 pg. 119)
Q: What does the Shariáh say with regard to
dying hair? Is it permissible to dye one's
hair?A: Pure black dye is not
permissible. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi
Wasallam) said, "There will be people who will come
later (in my Ummah) and apply black dye. They will not even
smell the fragrance of paradise." (Abu Daawood).
However, it is permissible for a Mujaahid (warrior) to
apply black dye in order to give the impression of being
young. (Jawahirul Fiqh vol2 pg421)
To dye the hair any other colour besides
black e.g. Mehndi or Katm (type of grass) is permissible. This
was the practice of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu
Alayhi Wasallam) and the Sahaaba (Radhiyallaahu Anhum). (Jawahirul Fiqh vol2 pg421)
Q: A couple are married according to Islamic
rites. They own two cars, one of which was brought into the
marriage while the other was purchased during the time of
marriage. They also own a house which was purchased during
They are now in the process of divorce. How
are the assets to de divided? What is the position with regard
A: According to Shari'ah,
any person (husband/wife, etc) is the sole owner of his/her
assets. The marriage or divorce does not affect the sole
ownership of the assets. The two cars and house belong to the
sole owner, be it the husband or the wife. However, if the
assets were in partnership, each partner would take his/her
A divorcee is entitled to maintenance upto
expiry of the Iddat, if she is not guilty (according to
Shari'ah) of the marriage breakdown. If she is guilty then she
is not entitled to maintenance even during Iddat. The father
of the children is solely responsible for his children. Thus,
he will have to support them even though they are not in his
Q: Is is true that during an eclipse, a
pregnant woman should not handle a knife or any other sharp
instrument, otherwise the child will be
A: No, this has no basis in
Q: Kindly explain the Shar'ee procedure of
employing an Imaam.A: Basically the
trustees and Imaam enter into a contract of Ijaarah (hiring)
and the contractual agreement is binding on both parties.
As such, the duties and remuneration should be specified,
thus leaving no such ambiguity which may lead to any confusion
in future. Any ambiguity in the contract will render the
contract invalid. Apart from the contractual agreement, the
responsibility of the Imaam is to dedicate himself to serve
the community and bring about an Islamic awareness and
reformation. In order for the Imaam to successfully interact
with his congregation, the Trustees must honour and respect
Source: Jamiatul Ulama (Kwazulu-Natal)